Замена ремня ГРМ Шевроле Каптива

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Ремень ГРМ – важный элемент в механизме силового агрегата автомобиля. Его обрыв приведет к плачевному состоянию двигателя. Правильная его работа позволяет двигаться в такт распределительный и коленчатый валы, не допуская удары поршней клапанов, что в короткие сроки приведет двигатель в неработоспособное состояние.

Производитель Шевроле Каптива рекомендует менять ремень ГРМ каждые 90 тысяч километров пробега. Чтобы не допустить обрыв ГРМ и попасть в неприятную ситуацию с капитальным ремонтом двигателя, лучше с этим процессом не затягивать. Вместе с ним следует поменять натяжной ролик, обводной ролик, а также водяной насос. Если есть желание, то и антифриз.

Замена ремня ГРМ Шевроле Каптива – трудоемкий процесс. Подготавливаем изначально все необходимые инструменты:

  • Рожковый или накидной ключ на 15 (наиболее оптимальный без выемки).
  • Шестигранник на 6.
  • Головки на 18 и 17.

Шаг 1
Изначально отсоединяем от генератора приводной механизм (ремень), используя ключ на 15.

Ремень генератора Шевроле Каптива

Проворачиваем при помощи него натяжной ролик по часовой стрелке, пока он не ослабнет. Затем фиксируем это отверстие отверткой или другим плоским предметом.

Шаг 2
Шкивы откручиваем шестигранником (изначально коленчатого вала), убираем его в сторону.

Болты крепления шкива коленвала Шевроле Каптива

Шаг 3
Приподнимаем силовой агрегат при помощи домкрата с деревянной подставкой, устанавливаем его под картер.

Поддомкраченый двигатель Шевроле Каптива

Снимаем опору, отвинчиваем несколько болтов на 18 и на 17, применяя соответствующий инструмент.

Болты опоры Шевроле Каптива

Шаг 4
Демонтируем кожух из пластмасса, необходимый для защиты ГРМ. Для этого откручиваем болт, находящийся на защите и крышку, под которой прячутся клипсы, как на торце, так и сверху.

Крышка ремня ГРМ Шевроле Каптива

Шаг 5
Правильно отмечаем зубцы валов для дальнейшего соответствия с обозначениями на пластмассовой защите.

ГРМ Шевроле Каптива

Точно так же обозначаем метки на шкиве коленчатого вала.

Метки ГРМ Шевроле Каптива

Шаг 6
Снимаем предыдущий ремень ГРМ и устанавливаем новый в соответствии с метками.

Ролик ГРМ Шевроле Каптива

Уровень натяжения ролика имеет специальное обозначение, которое не должно превышать предельно-допустимого.

Ролик ремня ГРМ Шевроле Каптива

Шаг 7
Устанавливаем на начальные позиции все ролики и прокручиваем коленвал несколько раз при помощи инструментов, пока ранее сделанные обозначения не будут соответствовать друг другу. При несовпадении, ремень снимается и осуществляется повторная установка. Изначально выставляем два обозначения сверху и одну на шкиве нижнего вала.

При демонтаже натяжного ролика можно почувствовать ощутимый люфт. Поэтому вместе с ремнем желательно поменять и натяжной ролик. Замена его достаточно простая, так как крепится при помощи одной гайки.

Производитель вместе с заменой ГРМ рекомендует менять и насос. Изначально оцените его состояние визуально. Если он люфтит, тогда после демонтажа ремня ГРМ откручиваем также три закрепляющих болта и снимаем помпу. Вместе с ним вытечет около 2 литра охлаждающей жидкости, приготовьте для этого емкость.

Шаг 8
Собираем все в обратной последовательности. Процесс замены ГРМ Шевроле Каптива успешно завершен.

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