5 Признаков неисправных ВВ проводов в автомобиле. Как сделать самому новые

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Бронепровода достаточно часто выходят из строя, при этом определить эту проблему могут далеко не все автолюбители. Сегодня расскажу о том, какие признаки свидетельствуют о наличии каких-либо проблем с высоковольтными проводами свечей зажигания и как их проверить. Кроме того, покажу как самостоятельно сделать новые ВВ провода, которые будут даже лучше и эффективнее фабричных!

Проблемы диагностики

Даже если автомобиль инжекторный, и имеется сканер, диагностировать выход из строя проводов можно не всегда. Сообщение об ошибке появляется только в том случае, когда имеет место десятки пропусков подряд, в свою очередь, провода дают о себе знать лишь в определенные моменты, например, во время холодного запуска, при ускорении – когда необходимо создать искру, нужно высокое напряжение.

Собственно, даже при появлении ошибки на табло не будет обозначено, что дело именно в проводах, просто будет указано, что есть в одном цилиндре множественные пропуски зажигания, причин же возникновения этих пропусков довольно много.

Признаки неисправности

Провода представляют собой расходный материал и нуждаются в замене после каждой второй смены свечей, однако, обычно это принято делать только в том случае, когда появляются проблемы. Итак, напомню признаки неисправности проводов:

  1. Двигатель запускается с затруднениями, особенно это выражено в сырую погоду;
  2. Возникновение рывков, провалов во время ускорения;
  3. Повышение расхода топлива на фоне потери динамики;
  4. Искры под капотом. В некоторых случаях можно обнаружить признаки неисправности, просто открыв капот при плохом освещении, поставив двигатель на высокие обороты – по возникновению искр;
  5. Замеры показывают слишком высокое сопротивление. Наиболее простой вариант проверки проводов – измерить сопротивление каждого провода, а затем свериться с нормой, однако нужно учитывать, что на разных автомобилях показатели сопротивления ВВ проводов могут отличаться. Если сопротивление чрезмерно высокое или провод абсолютно не «прозванивается», то его можно просто выбросить.

Возникает вопрос: какие именно провода лучше ставить? Ведь производителей достаточно много, а ценовой диапазон весьма широк, встречаются даже очень высокие цены, порядка 4 – 5 тыс. рублей за комплект. И это притом, что провода вполне можно изготовить самостоятельно! Самодельные провода работают годами, а автолюбители не имеют с ними никаких проблем.

Как сделать высоковольтные провода самому

Сейчас очень модно заказывать высоковольтные провода зажигания через интернет у Наиля Порошина, я же предлагаю сделать своими руками полагаясь на его рекомендации. Причем совсем не обязательно использовать точно такой же провод как у него, есть способ проще.

Вам понадобится примерно три метра провода от неоновой рекламы. Это провод ПМВК-0,75-20-П, диаметр 6,2 мм. Такие силиконовые провода идут в кремнийорганической изоляции с медной жилой способны выдерживать высокое напряжение до 30 кВ, имеют сопротивление 0.019 Ом на 1 метр. Стоит провод около 100 рублей за метр, а это действительно дешевле, чем приобретать новый комплект.

Так как этот, провод практически не имеет никакого сопротивления, то от него будет намного мощнее искра. То есть, совершенно нет никакой задержки. Модуль сжечь нельзя, так как сопротивление низкое, они горят именно от высокого сопротивления.

Для самостоятельного изготовления комплекта проводов понадобится сам провод, еще нужно взять какое-нибудь моющее средство, тонкая отвертка, плоскогубцы и старые провода, так как будем разбирать и использовать старые колпачки с коннекторами.

  • Смачиваем в моющем средстве отвертку, вставляем ее кончик вместо примыкания колпачка и провода, проделываем ту же операцию в нескольких местах, после этого колпачок можно легко снять.
  • Делаем то же самое и со второй стороны, однако здесь колпачок нужно протолкнуть внутрь.
  • Раздвигаем обжимку провода. Загнутые края разгибать не нужно, так как они должны будут при обжимке немного углубиться в изоляцию провода для более прочного закрепления.
  • Меряем длину провода – берем такую же, как у старого. Нарезаем провод, и сразу зачищаем края на расстояние порядка сантиметра, затем надеваем оба колпачка.
  • Центральные жилы загибаем и вставляем в наконечник на место старого провода, обжимаем плоскогубцами.

Чтобы понять на какую глубину одевать колпачок можно использовать заготовку сделанную из старой свечи. Разбиваем керамический изолятор. Одеваем на нее провод, подвигаем колпачок и снимаем. Все готово! Остается поступить так со всеми остальными и установить их на двигатель для тестирования. Думаю вы удивитесь, как машина начнет вести себя с такими новыми бронепроводами.

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  39. (Menu File/Create).
    · You can select a Text from the Database to be entered into the clipboard again (Menu File/Open).
    · You can also import texts from a Microsoft Word or Microsoft Excel file.
    · You can also change the Theme of a record.
    · You can double click on a text to open it together with its source web page in the current window.
    · You can close a open Window by pressing the «Window» button (Left Windows Menu); https://now.jumpeats.com/upload/files/2022/06/Ke81E98Nbm1Bz4Tcvdf2_06_ddcfb880ad187348a4605872d67314ea_file.pdf
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