Если налить в старый аккумулятор раствор соды, то он заработает как новый. В чем причина

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Автомобильная батарея со временем теряет свои характеристики, что проявляется быстрым разрядом, а также «просадкой» в цепи. Для того, чтоб аккумулятор служил долго и безотказно необходимо правильно его обслуживать. Используя нехитрые приемы можно продлить срок эксплуатации АКБ. Об одном из таких, сегодня и хочу вам рассказать.

Для возобновления характеристик автомобильного аккумулятора некоторые автовладельцы используют пищевую соду. Данный способ используется не первый год, однако не все знают о нем, так как не в курсе самого смысла.

Зачем добавлять соду в АКБ

Чаще всего аккумуляторы выходят из строя из-за сульфации пластин. В автомобильной аккумуляторной батарее в качестве электролита выступает серная кислота. В нормальных условиях она сохраняет все свои свойства, однако при малейших перепадах и изменениях на пластинах оседает сульфат свинца в виде кристаллов, которые затрудняют прохождение тока. Из-за чего случаются «просадки» напряжения.

Наиболее часто с сульфатацией пластин сталкиваются автомобилисты, которые не следят за зарядом своей батареи допуская глубокие разряды. Стабильный недозаряд – основная причина появления кристаллов на пластинах. Именно использование соды помогает очистить пластины от солей сульфата.

При попадании раствора соды во внутрь АКБ начинает происходить химическая реакция, которая растворяет кристаллы сульфатной соли на пластинах батареи. Тем самым возвращая аккумулятор до прежних характеристик. Он снова будет заряжаться и держать заряд!

Правда есть определенное условие – пластины должны быть целыми, а электролит боле менее чистый иначе аккуму уже не спасти.

Что нужно делать?

Прежде всего хочу предупредить, что такие действия проводятся лишь специалистом и при соблюдении мер безопасности. Заливать содовый раствор в батарею с кислотой либо когда электролит сильно изменил цвет – запрещено, это убьет аккумулятор окончательно!

Взять 5 литров дистиллированной воды и растворить в ней 500 граммовую пачку обыкновенной пищевой соды (сделать 10 % раствор). Чтоб увеличить эффективность работы можно подготовить и 15-20% раствор. Залить его в банки АКБ для запуска процесса очистки, предварительно слив электролит.

Важно правильно подготовить аккумулятор для проведения процедуры. Обязательно нужно удалить весь электролит из батареи перед тем как заливать раствор соды, так как концентрация серной кислоты может привести к слишком бурному протеканию реакции и нейтрализации кислоты. Также всегда работайте в резиновых перчатках и оборудованном для работы с кислотой месте!

После процесса очистки, спустя 15 минут, весь раствор нужно вылить, промыть еще раз-два дистиллированной водой, а сам корпус АКБ также промыть содовым раствором и просушить, это уберет токопроводящие мосты и самопроизвольную утечку тока.

Затем заливается новый электролит (можно и старый, если он чистый или профильтрованный, но лучше все же новый). Далее ставим аккумулятор на сутки заряжаться. Кстати, чтобы правильно определить сколько нужно заряжать АКБ воспользуйтесь вот этим калькулятором.

Такая вот нехитрая схема позволяет продлить срок службы батареи в 2 раза. А чтоб он служил дольше, нужно следить за его заряженностью.

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